What happens to the money in your retirement plan account when you switch jobs? That’s up to you. Typically, one of your options may be to take your savings in a single sum. Sounds like a bonus, right? Wrong. Here’s why you should think long and hard about cashing out your retirement savings.
Less Money Now
Before you drain your account, make sure you understand how a cash-out works, because you may be in for some surprises. The first one is that you won’t get to keep the full amount. Since the money in your retirement savings account generally has not been taxed, you’ll have to include the distribution as income on your federal (and possibly state) income tax return.
Additional income means you’ll owe additional income tax. The retirement plan is required to withhold 20% to send to the IRS as a “down payment” on your overall federal income tax liability for the year.
And the final surprise: You may also owe a 10% early withdrawal penalty. In the end, your tax liability could be anywhere from 20-30+% of your retirement account balance.
Less Money Later, Too
Not only will you get less when you cash out, but taking a distribution and not reinvesting the money for retirement could also mean ending up with less in the future. Said another way, spending your savings now could shortchange your future.
Even if it’s still early in your career, taking a distribution, paying the taxes and any penalty that applies, and spending what’s left could make it harder to reach your retirement savings goals.
What’s Another Option? Keep It Growing
Instead of cashing out, consider keeping your savings in a tax-deferred account. Here are the possible options:
- Leave your savings in your old employer’s plan (if permitted)
- Roll over your money into your new employer’s plan (assuming rollovers are accepted)
- Roll over your money into an individual retirement account (IRA)
While there are always special circumstances when it comes to taking your savings in a single sum, the long-term benefits of staying in a tax-deferred account will have a meaningful impact when you retire.
Ima Saver and her friend Al Spendit both had $15,000 in their retirement accounts when they changed jobs. Ima rolled over her balance into her new employer’s plan and contributed $200 a month for the next 25 years. Al cashed out and started over. He also joined his new employer’s plan and, like Ima, contributed $200 a month for 25 years. However, his balance never caught up. Even though they contributed the same amount and had identical earnings, Ima’s account balance is significantly more than Al’s because she kept her savings going.
This hypothetical example is for illustrative purposes only. It assumes a monthly contribution of $200 and an average annual return of 6% (compounded monthly). It does not represent any specific investment product offered by your plan and does not include any investment fees and expenses. Your investment returns will differ, and it is unlikely that your contribution amount will remain the same over a long period. Pretax contributions and related plan earnings will be subject to ordinary income taxes and a possible early withdrawal penalty upon distribution.
Source: DST Retirement Solutions, LLC, an SS&C company